Sponsored Projects

The project was sponsored to the Botany Department of the M S University of Baroda, Vadodara. The project basically envisaged development of protocols for micropropagation, acclimatization & standardization of selected verities of plants viz. Bougainvillea and Mussaenda and medicinal plants like Vitex and Glycyrhizza.

The research study was carried out as a part of sponsored project by the Home Science Department of The M S University of Baroda, Vadodara. The study aimed to assess the role of potassium in controlling hypertension in the industrial population of urban Vadodara. The basic objectives of the study were to estimate the sodium and potassium contents of commonly consumed raw foods of the different food categories and to develop dietary guidelines for hypertensives emphasizing on low sodium and salt intakes and high potassium intakes. 255 employees of the industry were screened.

The project job was assigned to M/s TAHAL consulting Engineers of Israel by the Government of Gujarat in collaboration with GSFC Science Foundation.

The basic objective of the study was to prepare a comprehensive report suggesting ways to enhance and augment water availability and supply reliability for the various sectors and regions in Gujarat state. Also, alternatives for augmentation, conservation, management and efficient utilization of water resources alongwith implementation of policies and legislative measures were to be considered.

In the framework of this water resources model, the ways explored to augment and conserve the state water resources were :

  • Transfer of surplus water from South Gujarat to North Gujarat
  • Transfer of surplus water from South Gujarat to Narmada canal HEAD Reach
  • Temporary use of interstate water
  • Combined operation of reservoirs
  • Artificial recharge of water in mehsana region
  • Wastewater reuse for Agriculture.

The consultant has submitted the final reports detailing the comprehensive water management action plan with respect to current as well as forecasted water availability and demand, up to 2025.

A collaborative project was taken up with the Gujarat State Fertilizers and Chemicals Limited, Vadodara to identify and develop eco- friendly products from industrial/ agro wastes. Wastes such as fly–ash and phosphochalk were identified & selected as major industrial solid wastes for study under the project. Phosphochalk is a solid waste from Gypsum based Ammonium Sulphate plant of GSFC while fly ash is an industrial solid waste from coal based thermal power plant of Ahmedabad Electricity Company (AEC), Ahmedabad. Phosphochalk mainly contains calcium carbonate while fly ash has silica and aluminum oxides. These products have potential applications in building materials.

The project carried out by the Microbiology Department of The M S University of Baroda, Vadodara and sponsored by Science Foundation aimed at attempting biosynthesis of lysine from E –caprolactam by investigating the mechanisms and the factors affecting /regulating the lysine biosynthesis from E –caprolactam. A rapid cultivation and a biotransformation based procedure was adopted. Such a novel approach reduced the overall fermentation cycle period to a considerable extent and can increase the productivity. l –lysine was shown to be formed through such a biotransformation based process..

sponsored this project to the faculty of Home Science, The M S University of Baroda, Vadodara to understand the influence of food viz, the four typical regional meals of India – Punjabi, SouthIndian, Gujarati and West Bengali on the extent and rate of bioavailability of Aspirin and Acetaminophen after a single oral dose in 100 healthy female volunteers. These subjects were given the drug {Aspirin (Dispirin) 350 mg, Acetaminophen (crocin)-500 mg} in fasting state and then with the four regional meals. Urine samples were collected and analyzed for the drug metabolites by spectrophotometric method. In general for Aspirin and Acetaminophen maximum extraction was observed with west Bengali meal.

The role of trees in enhancing the economy and environment is recognized and great interest is being envisaged in their preservation and conservation as they are the basic resources. However, the awareness regarding their importance and role in the life of human-beings need to be created. In order to create awareness among various sections of the community of people, it was thought worthwhile to establish a ‘Live Tree Museum’ and use that to inculcate the tree culture among people. The project was a collaborative project between the Science Foundation and the Community Science Centre, Vadodara.

Trees were planted about which people are familiar but has rare opportunity to see them around. 25 types of trees were selected. Education tours of different schools were organized to generate awareness among students and promote the concept of importance of green environment.

Plant parasitic nematodes are ubiquitous browsers and hidden enemies of the crops and are found to attack several economically important crops viz. cotton, tobacco, sugarcane, groundnut, vegetables such as tomato, chili, bottle gourd, okra, brinjal, horticultural crops like banana, ginger, turmeric, cereals like wheat, maize etc. and almost all pulse crops. The key nematodes infecting these crops in Gujarat are root-knot nematodes, which are reported to induce the yield losses in different crops.

Science Foundation collaborated with the Gujarat Agricultural University, Anand to develop biological control mechanisms for the root-knot nematodes using fungal pathogens in cotton and groundnut. Further, studies were also carried out to explore the use of potential bioagents in the management of soil insect pests including plant parasitic nematodes.

The GSFC Science Foundation sponsored a project on application and propagation of science & technology in agriculture practice in the rural areas. The objective of the study was to :

  • Propagate modern and scientific farming among the farmers
  • Extend help to farmers living below the poverty line and those belonging to weaker sections to improve their livelihood

Groundwater depletion is a major problem in Saurashtra region, about 75 % of irrigation potential is dependent on well irrigation hence artificial recharge of groundwater has attained prime importance. Various techniques of artificial recharge are in practice and among them, some of the techniques have been already proved successful, experimentally.

For one such experiment, Science Foundation collaborated with the Bhavnagar University and carried out research studies on the constructed recharge bore well at village Rupavati in Gariyadhar taluka of Bhavnagar district. As a part of study, detailed geohydrological investigations were carried out by inventory of open well sections and existing running tube wells in the area with a view to decipher sub surface groundwater controlling features at different depths. In addition, studies related to rainfall hydrograph analysis of last 10 years, study of water table contour maps, quality contour maps and other geohydrological maps were also carried out. Pumping tests were also conducted on two open wells in different directions from recharge bore well for computation of distance between two wells and other important aguifer parameters required for ground water estimation. Finally, detailed geoelectrical resistivity survey was conducted and potential fracture zones were identified at different depths complementing the recharge bore well.

GSFC Science Foundation had established a Chair at the erstwhile Dharmsinh Desai Institute of Technology (DDIT), Nadiad, now known as Dharmsinh Desai University (DDU) The objective of establishment of such Chair was to supplement the regular education of the undergraduate and postgraduate students by inviting Visiting Professors in Chemical Engineering from renowned & reputed chemical engineering institute/ universities, to increase liaison with R&D institutes and to conduct academic workshops/ seminars for furtherance of technical knowledge in the subject field. Special lectures in the fields of thermodynamics, reaction engineering, catalysis, nanotechnology, petroleum & petrochemical engineering etc. have been arranged.

GSFC Science Foundation provided funds to the Department of Microbiology & Biotechnology Centre, the M S University of Baroda, Vadodara for the establishment of the “Centre for Genome Research”. Tey objective of the project was to develop a variety of transgenic rice. The laboratory set up has the faculties for the genome analysis, gene mapping and studies on microbial diversity. The focus of the study was on the use of new molecular biological techniques for the mapping of genes for resistance rice blast. A major gene for resistance to a local isolate of the blast fungus was mapped. Transgenic rice plants expressing antifungal proteins were analyzed to study the pattern of inheritance of transgene as well as resistance profiles. Study on microbial diversity was also undertaken and several clones were developed.

The project was sponsored to the Microbiology and the Biotechnology Centre, The M S University of Baroda, Vadodara with the following objectives :

  • To screen microorganisms producing high chitinase activity
  • To optimize the conditions of the growth and chitinase production under laboratory shale flask conditions
  • Isolation, purification and characterization of chitinase
  • Studies of protease and laminarinase from the same culture
  • Studies on growth inhibition of plant pathogens by chitinase production
  • Some experiments on inhibition of phytppathogen by chitinolytic culture under conditions of green house

The genus Salicornia belongs to family chenopodiaceae. Only two species i.e. S. brachiata and S. herbacea are found in India out of which the former is dominant in Indian cost. The plant is an annual, small, erect, dichotomously branched 30-40 cm tall herb. It is found in salt marshes along the sea cost in Gujarat (western coast) and eastern coast of the country. Its stem is delicate, 12-18 mm thick at the base and leafless with two appressed leaves surrounding each node. The branches appear like slender joints 6-12 cm long and stout. The spikes are slender and cylindrical. Flowers are trinate embedded in cavities along the upper part of the branches. Seed erect, compressed, membranous and exalbuminous.The seed contain 25-30 % oil rich linoleic acid which is an essential fatty acid and good for health ailing persons.

The project, a joint venture between the Science Foundation and the Central Salt and Marine Chemicals Research Institute (CSMCRI), Bhavnagar involved survey of natural vegetation of Salicornia for selection of superior genotypes, genetic improvement in the species through mutation breeding i.e. the application of radiations and chemical mutagens. Field trials were conducted to develop agro technology for cultivation and optimization of yield of Salicornia brachiata. Further, assessment studies of impact of saline affluent/industrial waste on growth and yield of Salicornia was also undertaken with the objective of utilization of costal saline area for productivity by the under-exploited halophytes.

GSFC Science Foundation collaborated with the Agriculture Development & Agriculture Services unit of GSFC with the aim to develop a scientifically tested technology of Salicornia and other halophytes’ cultivation on waste saline soil of costal area by utilizing saline water. The ultimate goal of the study was to promulgate the farming of the salt tolerant variety in the coastal area to attract the attention of farming community for their economic upliftment.

The project was executed in the Mundra taluka of Kutch district on the 28 acres of land.

The project was initiated in the housing colony in Ahmedabad as a collaborative effort to basically try & test the renovation of the grey water. The general objective of the project was to evaluate the efficiency of percolation well system as an easily replicable technology in terms of infiltration of rain water or as a water harvesting system, as a renovation system of storm and grey water (non-toiletry wastewater) and and finally its reuse for non potable household applications.

The project components included construction of percolation well system, three shallow observation wells for routine monitoring of the quantity and quality of the storm water and in-flowing grey water. Three observation wells tapping different aquifer depths were constructed to capture maximum possible horizontal & vertical flow variation.

While entire of the Saurashtra region suffers inadequacy of water, qualitatively as well as quantitatively, this project attempts to highlight the emerging issues in water management based on a field research conducted in one of the district in region viz. Bhavnagar district.

The collaborative project was a part of the outcome of the idea to establish a chair at the Bhavnagar University to conduct and support the research initiatives in the area of water resources management.

The broad objectives of the study were to highlight the management options available and compare and contrast the different water problems and present how micro-planning approaches could mitigate the overall problem of water insecurity. The project report comprises of three components: (a) study of water management in Bhavnagar district with special reference to four sample villages (b) water management and peoples’ participation as a sociological study and (c) study of quality of groundwater with regard to its suitability for drinking and irrigation.

Since rice is the most important food crop of India accounting for 55% of cereal production, Science Foundation had sponsored this project to the Gujarat Agricultural University for enhancing the production and productivity of rice by the introduction of semi dwarf, high yielding, fertilizer responsive “miracle” rice varieties coupled with adoption of improved management practices. First of its kind project aimed at developing rice hybrids and standardizing hybrid rice seed production technology to boost the stagnant rice productivity in the state. The project activities & research trials were carried out at Rice Research Station, Navagam and its sub research stations at Vyara and Thasara and at Agro Development & Agro Services Dept. of GSFC. Research on following aspects was carried out :

  • Standardization of seed production technology for cytoplasmic male sterile line (CMS)
  • Seed multiplication of CMS line
  • Development of new hybrid
  • Maintenance of breeding material
  • Identification and development of new R (restorers) lines and B (maintainer)
  • Demonstration cum testing trials of hybrids
  • All India coordinated hybrid rice trial

Promulgation of the scientific research is one of the basic objective of the Science Foundation and in view of that Foundation has created & established a few demonstration model projects. Further, these demonstration models also provides an opportunity to undertake research programmes/ studies/ trials in three identified thrust areas viz. water management, agri-biotechnology and environment on continuous basis. Research Station at Dakor was one such attempt to demonstrate different agricultural trials on varieties crops – vegetables, horticultural, floral etc. coupled with the efficient water management system in 87 acres of farm land.

Field trials on tissue cultured banana, papaya, turmeric etc. were taken. Also, trials on some hybrid crops varieties were undertaken. For the optimization of the productivity through technological approaches, acceptable at farm level and environmentally safe, following were considered :

  • Collection & conservation of germplasm
  • Breeding
  • Superior cultivation (which are high yielding & pest and disease resistant
  • Standardization of agro-techniques
  • Plant protection
  • Measures<
  • Developing suitable multiplication-based cropping system
  • Reducing post harvest losses
  • Promising cultivators with efficient production technology

Hydrogel are cross-linked polymeric materials capable of absorbing water several hundred times of their own weight. Literature reveals that there are two types of Hydrogel products so far developed. The widely used Hydrogel are synthetic acrylic based polymer. The other kind is polymer grafted starch based product.

The objective of the project was to develop a biodegradable Hydrogel from selected starch/carbohydrate for agronomical application. In order to make Hydrogel biodegradable, starch like carbohydrate material should be used as major raw material for its synthesis. One simpler route was chosen for development of biodegradable Hydrogel under the project sponsored by the Science Foundation to the Ahmedabad Textile Industries Research Association (ATIRA). A number of products were developed by changing the ratio of starch and the reactive base polymer synthesized specifically for this purpose. Maize starch was selected for this development. Attempts were also made to synthesize different base polymers and modifications of starch to some extent were also done prior to its reaction with the reactive base polymer.

Newly developed hydrogels with 60-65 % starch/modified starch in them show water holding capacity of 30-40 times of their weight in raw water and 45 to 60 times their weight in deionized water.

The cultivars of banana in many regions are seriously threatened by several diseases reducing the production to a large extent. Therefore, with the ultimate objective of increasing the production of banana, a collaborative research project was taken up with the Agriculture Development and Agriculture Services Department of GSFC with the following objectives :

  • To induce variation through mutagenic treatment
  • To study interaction of V.A. Mycorrhizae with micro-propagated plants
  • To develop synthetic seeds of Banana
  • Physical mutagenic treatment was given to the culture of Robusta and Grand Naine at various stages
  • Commercially popular variety Robusta was selected for further improvement. The vegetative shoot apices of banana variety Robusta were micro propagated before giving mutagenic treatment.
  • Three variety of banana viz. Robusta, Shrimanthi, Basrai were selected for chemical mutagenic treatment.
  • Field trial of Basrai mutant developed through somatic embryogenesis at BARC was undertaken at Agriculture Research Station, Dakor.
  • Field trial of Nandangoj, Rasthali developed through somatic embryogenesis and shoot tip Culture at BARC was undertaken at Agriculture Research Station, Dakor.
  • Field trial of Shrimanthi developed through somatic embryogenesis at BARC was undertaken at Dakor.
  • Somatic embryogenesis was initiated in Robusta and Grand Naine.

Realizing the need for optimization of crop productivity through technological approaches that are acceptable at farm level and are environmentally safe, Science Foundation collaborated with the GSFC and initiated an agriculture demonstration project with the training programme.

  • Effect of micro - propagated and traditional planting material on yield of different varieties of Banana
  • Effect of micro - propagated and traditional planting material on yield of different varieties of Sugarcane
  • Response of Groundnut (variety GG-2) as first crop in Groundnut-Wheat cropping sequence to different manurial blend along with different level of fertilizers
  • Response of Wheat (variety GW-496) as second crop in Groundnut-Wheat cropping sequence to different manurial blend (residual effect along with different levels of fertilizers)
  • Demonstration of medicinal plant cultivationField trial of Shrimanthi developed through somatic embryogenesis at BARC was undertaken at Dakor.
  • Pigeon pea varietals demonstration
  • Evaluation of promising hybrid of cotton

Science Foundation sponsored this project to Dharwad University, Karnataka for the development of CR formulation. The CR formulation containing pesticides have many advantages over conventional products to reduce environmental pollution due to direct contact with skin or by inhalation. The CR formulations are safe to use due to the reduced amount of pesticides, minimum leaching of pesticides, increased persistence of the active ingredient and the overall ease in handling toxic products. In view of this, CR systems have gained widespread usage in agriculture areas since they help to reduce the environmental risk factors. For encapsulation of toxic pesticides, the use of biodegradable polymer is desirable, since no residues of the polymer can remain in the atmosphere after their intended applications.

  • Development of newer analytical protocols using techniques like GLC, HPLC and UV of agroproducts/ pharmaceuticals needed for future CR applications
  • Study of the physico-chemical properties like solubility, partition coefficient and stability of agroproducts and pharmaceuticals
  • Rheological characterization of polymers to be used in CR applications
  • Development of new systems to encapsulate some typical and the most widely used synthetic pesticides in order to reduce their toxicity level as well as to prolong their action during field applications
  • Formulation of the highly stable sex pheromones by encapsulation using the adhesive polymers for disturbing the mating of pests
  • Hydrophobic slow release fertilizer for high moisture soil application. For instance, a material like wax or resins can be coated on the fertilizer to prevent their leaching into soil

The project was taken with the basic objective of “Studies of scale-up of tissue culture process for multiplication of Banana. Conventional bananas are propagated by means of various types of suckers formed at the base of main pseudostem. The major constraints of conventionally propagating Banana are the lack of availability of large quantities of pathogen/disease free planting material of known genotypes. For that, scaling up of Tissue culture progress for multiplication of banana is must. There is also great scope for export of Indian bananas both fruits as well as plants. That also needs standardized protocol for large scale production of tissue culture Banana. Banana tissue culture technology is available at present but studies of different production parameters are must for economically viable large scale production technology.

In view of above, Science Foundation collaborated with the AD & AS Department of GSFC and started a research programme for the sacling up of Banana. During the study, all the aspects, stages and parameters were studied scientifically in detail. At the end of the project, parameters’ range and techniques were standardized for all stages of production process and a complete protocol from laboratory to net house hardening for scale-up of tissue culture process of banana has been successfully developed.

Fungus Trichoderma Harzianum is eco-friendly in nature and highly effective on target plant pathogens. Traditional pest control method employed is frequent use of costly chemical fungicide/ pesticides, which leads to increased rate of pesticide resistance, residues in soil and environmental degradation. Among the various methods used for the control of pests, biological control has gained both popularity and acceptance in recent years. Here the focus was to use naturally occurring antagonist fungi against such fungus pest, which would otherwise cause loss to agriculture produce of the country.

Soils are complex ecosystems containing many different microbes, invertebrate, and other organisms that occupy a unique “niche” in which they compete successfully for nutrients and space. Beneficial soil microbes, such fungi, occupy these niches in and around plant root surfaces, feeding on organic compounds, root exudates and insect pests, these microbes compete, exclude or directly attack soil- inhabiting microorganisms and insect pests, such as Pythium, Rhyzoctonia, Aphids, Whiteflies and Mites that would otherwise attack plants and seedling roots.

With the objective to test trial a technology on the basis of field surveys & experimental trials as well as subsequent promotion of the same, Science Foundation collaborated with the Gujarat Green Revolution Company Ltd (GGRC) and supported the programme of development of Trichoderma Harzianum. Technology of Trichoderma Harzianum consortium was obtained from National Botanical Research Institute (NBRI). The biofungicide production can be of great help to farmers in combating soil born diseases. To set up a commercial unit there is involvement of generation of data related to this product and results are to be submitted to Central Insecticide Board (CIB) for obtaining CIB-license for manufacturing. Based on the market survey the estimated market demand of the product worked out to a 100 MTPA. Before taking up production, demonstrations of the performance of the product at farmers field was also carried out.

GSFC Science Foundation has been engaged in promotion of the research activities through its in-house and collaborative as well as sponsored projects in the area of Water Management, Environment and Agri-biotechnology. Foundation has also developed a few demonstration projects for this purpose to disseminate and promote general awareness about the conservation of environmental resources and importance of technology while implementing them. The parent company of the Science Foundation, Gujarat State Fertilizers and Chemicals Limited, has also been active in its contribution of environmental through various waste recycling projects.

On the occasion of World Environment Day on 5th June 2004, a function was jointly organized by the GSFC and GSFC Science Foundation to launch the rain water harvesting schemes in the premises of GSFC. The function was presided over by the chairman, GSFC Science Foundation and Managing Director, GSFC, Shri A.K.Luke . The lecture series was followed by the visit of the members to the actual projects site of the foundation and then inauguration of the GSFC’s water harvesting & well recharging project at the Bajuwa gate. GSFC has proposed phase wise implementation of four different project schemes for rain water harvesting for which technical assistant will be provide by Foundation.

In June 2004, on the occasion of World Environment Day, GSFC in consultation with Science Foundation inaugurated two rain water harvesting & open well recharging schemes in the GSFC campus. Both the schemes were subsequently implemented before the onset of monsoon in that year. Basically these project was undertaken to assist the parent company-GSFC in implementing the rain water harvesting schemes, which has become mandatory for all the industrial units as directed by the Gujarat Pollution Control Board. The objective is to recharge the storm water through the available well structure.

As proposed under scheme I, the storm water from the canal draining towards Bajuwa village was to be harvested and drain into an open well situated near the demonstration (Karachia Farm) of GSFC. The storm water was to be recharged through a 450 m long pipe of 600 mm diameter. However, in view of the distance & well location feasibility, an open well in the demonstration farm was selected and recharged. It is estimated that about 1.08 lakh liters of water has been recharged through open well in year 2004. Science Foundation has been monitoring the water quality of the well.

Under scheme II, an open abandoned well in Amrakunj sector, behind 8-type quarters in Fertilizernagar township has been selected for recharging by diverting the storm water from one of the drains. It is estimated that approximately 1.63 lakh liters of water was recharged during the monsoon of 2005.

Science Foundation has also provided the technical assistance to the polymer unit of GSFC in recharging one of the bore well by rain water.

The basic objective of the Project was to develop a model block for demonstration to use Kotar land, ravine wasteland, for productive purpose and environment protection through tree plantation of economic importance. The total project area was 18.04 acres of which 9.37 acres was a leveled / plain land and 8.67 acres was a Kotar land.

The project was taken up with the following objectives :

  • To convert the ravine waste land into green belt.
  • To develop a demonstration model exhibiting the practices of environment control, water management and agriculture

Since the initiation of the project, a total number of 16500 plants of different species were planted on plain, kotar and sloppy land. Out of the total number, about 13286 trees were of Teak variety. About 460 plants like Neem, Babul were naturally grown. The other variety consisted of Goras-Amali, Pendula, sevan, Baval, Neem, Date Palm, Kasid, and Nagol& Pendula. Few varieties of medicinal plant were also grown. The plantation was carried out in a phase wise manner covering the terrace or flat areas as well as sloppy areas. Other varieties like Bamboo, Ketki, Aloe Vera and cactus were planted along the boundary line to basically check the infiltration of animals. A demonstration recharge well model was installed in the low lying area to collect the storm water and augment the groundwater conditions. Both soil & water samples were collected at a regular interval to assess the change in the water quality. Also an initiative to measure the rate of soil erosion was attempted and weekly records were maintained.

Project Executing Institute : Dharmsinh Desai University, Nadiad

Project Brief :

The basic objective of the project is to develop a low-cost water purification method using nanosilver coated silica for removing bacteria and other contaminants from water. Nanosilver can remove bacteria, chemicals, viruses and other contaminants from water more effectively than conventional water purification methods. The attractiveness of the GSF Nano Silver Filter is that it has no moving parts, no electrical energy required, and no RO membranes. It will be one of the cheapest water filter to be made available in the market. It is assumed that the filter will purify about 20 liters of water per day and will have a shelf life of about six months. The cost will be kept approximately around Rs. 500 per filter canister. The filter will be of cylindrical shape with the height of 1.0 foot and width of 5.0 inches. The research output in terms of publications/ patent will be registered in the name of GSFC Science Foundation.

Project Executing Institute : The M S University of Baroda, Vadodara

Project Brief :

Project has been sponsored to the The project proposes to undertake the studies on development of transplastomic plants for synthesis of glycine betaine and its subsequent effect on salt tolerance. The plant of interest for the study is specifically selected considering regional importance and agro-climatic suitability. The plant under consideration for the studies is Groundnut. The study proposes to induce the salinity tolerance in Groundnut and also study level of saline tolerance in it, develop regenerative protocol for groundnut through tissue culture, develop gene transfer construct with appropriate vector system and transfer the gene responsible for inducing salt tolerance in plants of interest through chloroplast transformation. The research output in terms of publications/patent has been filed in the name of GSFC Science Foundation.

Project Executing Institute : Centre for Environment and Climate Change
Jawaharlal Nehru Institute of Advanced Studies (JNIAS), Secunderabad

Project Brief :

The project is proposes to analyze groundwater for arsenic contamination and will focus on bio based technology for controlling the concentration of arsenic. Although, there are several methods for treatment of arsenic but in view of treatment costs and recurring expenses involved, they are not practiced. Also, some of the methods are not even eco-friendly. The present project will proposes to develop a viable eco-friendly treatment for arsenic contamination in groundwater samples of Hyderabad covering both residential & industrial areas based on the Coagulation-flocculation techniques.

Project Executing Institute : College of Agriculture, Junagadh Agricultural University, Junagadh

Project Brief :

The use of natural polysaccharides in the preparation of nanoparticles has attracted attention due to their biocompatibility, biodegradability, and hydrophilic, which are favorable characteristics in various applications. Among various polymers, chitosan is one of the most abundant natural polymers. Chitosan (CS) is of particular interest in the packaging field because it is biodegradable, bioabsorbable and bactericidal.
In agriculture, loss of nutrient elements is one of largest problems. It causes insufficiency of plant nutrients, increases process cost and pollutes the environment. Controlled release is thus a method used to solve this problem. With the use of control released systems, nutrients are released at a slower rate throughout the season and plants are able to take up most of the nutrients without wasting by leaching. Present study proposed to undertake such experiments/research study.